Agriculture and Agriculture Technology
Agriculture is the science of plants and livestock, also agriculture is defined with varying scopes in its broadest sense using natural resources to produce commodities which do maintain life, including food, fiber, forest product and their related services.
The development of agriculture did enable the human population to grow many much more times than it could be by hunting and gathering, agriculture did begin in different parts of the globe and did include a diverse range of taxa in at least 11 centers of origin.
In the middle ages, agriculture did transform with improved techniques and the diffusion of crop plants, and there are many types of agriculture such as; Pastoralism which does involve managing domesticated animals, shifting cultivation , subsistence farming which is practices to satisfy family or local needs alone with little left over for transport somewhere else and intensive farming which does mean cultivation to maximize productivity.
Agriculture economics is all about production, distribution and consumption of agriculture goods and services.
Agriculture technology is an application of techniques to do control the growth and harvesting of animal and vegetable products, mechanical processing of soil is a proper physical condition for planting, also it is agriculture technology is known as the use of technology in agriculture, horticulture and aquaculture with the target of improving yield, efficiency and profitability, also the agriculture technology can be either products, services or applications derived from agriculture to improve input and output processes.
Agriculture technology may be the most revolutionary area of modern technology that is been driven by fundamental need to produce enough nutritional to nourish the global population, the challenge of climate change and increased need to better protect and manage the natural resources through the sustainability is driving research and development in the agriculture technology that does allow farmers to more efficiently utilize resources like water, caring about the soil health through precision agronomic systems did enhance seeds that will do produce crops that positively impact the human health and animal husbandry breeding and that will increase the output of meat and protein products safely and humanely such as milk and eggs.
Technologies and applications in the agriculture technology do include many types, such as; drones, satellite photography and sensors, lo T-based sensor networks, phase tracking, weather forecasts, automated irrigation, light and heat control, intelligent software analysis for pest and disease prediction, soil management and other involved analytical tasks and finally biotech.
Agriculture has known with a wrong concept in the past which is a “dirty job” for old people in rural communities but when technology did occur to agriculture, young people now do see agriculture as a potential sector to explore and this did start up in Africa.
Tillage by the mechanical mean is the manipulation of the soil into a desired condition, in another word soil is tilled to change its structure and this is necessary to provide a good environment for seeds and roots. The practices associated with planting usually do cause the destruction in the structure of the soil.
Nigeria’s digital agriculture plat form is a mobile application for agriculture which did focus on connecting farm sponsors with farmers to increase food production, farmers and sponsors both do receive a percentage of the profits on harvest, it also does offer insurance that does cover all unforeseen circumstances.
The high-income countries did improve their agriculture management system through modern remote sensors such as satellites and information they do collect, also advice is provided to farmers to help them to inform their own decisions, this did lead to a better crop yields and higher quality produce.
Drones the use of small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) is a new technology which could make a revolution in the way agriculture entrepreneurs do interact with land, water, crops and infrastructure.
Information communication technologies such as; podcasts, weblogs, social media platforms and e-books are helping to bridge the gap in information about the agriculture sector for farmers and arbitrageurs.
Hydroponics technology is a farming technology which is soilless that is used to grow vegetables and tomatoes, it is also guarantees production for farmers and insulates these crops from the effects of climate change.
At the end, the benefits and the limitations of market-based instruments are examined in the context of risk management strategies and innovative approaches to do extend the reach of risk markets are discussed.