Cornerstone Of Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a kind of physical disease that is inextricably related to our bones and this disease is otherwise known as a porous bone. It is something in which the quality, as well as density of bone, is reduced. As a result, the bones become fragile and porous and ultimately, the chances of fracture are comprehensively increased. Moreover, you start losing your bones progressively and silently. You will not get any physical symptoms until your first bone is fractured.
Causes of Osteoporosis
You might be surprised to know that the bones in our body are constantly changing and these are also called living tissues. We have different stages of development such as infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood, etc. Our bones are strengthening and developing from birth to our adulthood stage. The condition of bones is at its best when we are at the stage of 20 and it is known as peak bone mass. But, after that, problems start occurring and these problems are related to the process of remodeling.
What Is Remodelling?
Remodeling is a lifelong process and during this process, bone cells start dissolving and on the other side, bone matrix starts forming. Well, over time, the speed of this process becomes slow and at some point in our life, bone loss happens faster than the formation of new bone. This is the time when people suffer from osteoporosis. During this time, bones become brittle, porous and vulnerable to fracture.
How to Identify You Have Osteoporosis?
Sometimes, osteoporosis can be easily diagnosed if you immediately take an X-ray after getting a bone fracture. If the doctors from health care can suspect that you are suffering from osteoporosis, they will check your bone density. During osteoporosis, our backbone gets affected at first.
Different diagnostic tools are used in order to catch osteoporosis and these are mostly used when you are at the first stage of this disease. We have elaborated different diagnostic tools here so have a look at the following points:
- DEXA: The full form of DEXA is Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry and it is mostly used to check the bone density in your body
- Quantitative Computerized Tomography: Another tool that is used to measure bone density is called Quantitative Computerized Tomography. Through this, you can measure bone density at any part of our body. But, this tool emits a high level of radiation and therefore, it is not commonly used.
- Ultrasound Machines: Ultrasound machines are used to find out early signs of this bone disease.
Treatments for Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a bone disease that is very hard to reverse but, it can be prevented if you take necessary ingredients.
The cornerstone of the treatment for osteoporosis is Calcium. Therefore, if you want to prevent this, you have to take vitamin D supplements and calcium regularly. Moreover, you must add exercise programs such as aerobics and a brisk walk to your daily routine. It can keep your bones strong and it minimizes the chances of fracture as well.
Osteoporosis is a disease that is quite difficult to treat. So you should take proper precautions and preventive measures in order to avoid osteoporosis at all costs.