How general anesthesia works
“Anesthesia is quite remarkable. It passes the time, and you wake up refreshed.”
In old times, people could only think of the drug that will help them during medical treatments. The discovery of general anesthesia about 170 years ago was a miracle in the world of medicine. Due to this life changing invention, millions of patients went in the painless surgeries.
What is the general anesthesia?
In early times, people used to have the opium for the surgeries, which was a painful experience. But with the help of science, we can see the drastic change in the shape of general anesthesia.
General anesthesia is a combination of medications that put you at sleep before a surgery or medical procedure. When you are under the influence of numbness, you do not feel any pain due to unconsciousness. In a stupor, there is a combination of drugs and anesthetics. After taking anesthesia, you do not feel any signs of discomfort or reflexes. The working and the doses of anesthesia decide by the specially trained doctor. In hospitals, an anesthesiologist and a certified nurse work together to make it happen.
Types of general anesthesia
Before heading towards others, it is essential to know about the main types of general anesthesia and how they work:
In this, local anesthesia: only numb small areas of the body; otherwise, the patient remains alert and awake.
Regional anesthesia: blocks pain in the body’s specific area, such as arm, legs, face, etc. It usually uses during the childbirth.
General anesthesia: It makes you unconscious, and you cannot move or feel pain.
Why medical personnel goes for general anesthesia?
“We can’t imagine having to go under the knives without anesthesia.”
When you decide to go for the surgery, then it is essential to take the anesthesia, but your doctor, nurse, and anesthesiologist decides and recommend numbness for you. They determine the stupor by seeing your medical conditions, reports, and types of surgery from which you are going through. There could be certain forms of operations in which it Is mandatory to take this. There are the following reasons due to which doctors decide anesthesia for you:
- If the surgery is going to take a long time.
- Surgery could cause notable blood loss.
- The surgery which is exposing you to the cold environment.
- And if the surgery is going to influence your breathing.
Medical staff decides the dosage of anesthesia carefully, so it could not harm the patient during surgery. If they fail to give the right dosage, it can result in the loss of a patient’s life.
Factors that increase the risk of anesthesia
Usually, the general anesthesia is very safe to go, but still, everything comes with a specific ratio of risk. The chances depend on the health condition, medical history, and type of surgery from which you are going through. The patients with older age and complicated medical history have more risks than adult ones. The older patients may at a high risk of postoperative confusion, pneumonia, and heart attack. There are the following things that can increase the risk of complications in the patient:
- High blood pressure
- Medical conditions that involve a problem with the heart, lungs, and kidney
- Usage of aspirin can increase bleeding
- History of heavy alcohol usage
- Drug allergy
- And the history of any lousy reaction with anesthesia.
What could be the side effects of general anesthesia?
“Through anesthesia, we merely try to sustain the operation of life.”
As we already discussed, it is quite safe for the young, healthy patients, unless you have any medical history or any prior risk. Before going for the surgery, they note down everything like temperature, blood pressure, fever, breathing, etc. The medical staff notes down all these records in case any issue occurs during the surgery; then, they can take action accordingly. However, there could be some side effects of the anesthesia that you can feel after the surgery:
- Dry mouth
- Sore throat
- Muscle aches
- Body Shivering
- And Tiredness
After the surgery doctor come to see the condition and ask if you are sensing something. Based on the state, experts suggest medicine, which can slow down your pain or nausea.