The term hepatitis is called the health problem during which the liver is exposed to infection, and viral infection is the most common cause of hepatitis in the world, and infection with other types of infection, or exposure to certain toxic substances such as alcohol or some medications, or autoimmune diseases can cause inflammation. Liver. It is worth noting that hepatitis may develop to cause cirrhosis, cirrhosis or liver cancer. It is good to mention that some cases of hepatitis are similar to recovery without the need to resort to any treatments, while some other cases require treatment with medication, and hepatitis may continue sometimes For life, vaccines resulting from virus infection can be prevented by vaccines.
Symptoms of liver hepatitis
The symptoms of hepatitis are similar, regardless of the cause of the infection, but they may differ from one person to another. There may not be any symptoms in most people with chronic hepatitis and some people with acute hepatitis, while many people with acute inflammation show moderate or non-symptoms Obvious may lead to confusion with influenza symptoms, and here are the most common symptoms of hepatitis:
- Tummy ache.
- Joint pain.
- Jaundice is one of the most important symptoms that strongly indicates liver damage, which in turn causes other symptoms to appear.
- High body temperature.
- Bruises appear on the person’s body easily.
In addition, hepatitis patients may have additional symptoms and signs, such as anorexia, dark urine, or light stools.
Causes of liver inflammation
Some viruses can cause hepatitis. This type of infection is known as viral or hepatitis. The viruses that cause viral hepatitis can be described as follows:
- Virus A: Hepatitis A is caused by exposure to this virus (Hepatitis A). It is worth noting that this type of virus is usually transmitted through food and drink contaminated with the stool of the infected person. This virus often clears up on its own during A few months, however, there are some treatment options that can be used to relieve the symptoms that accompany this type of infection, such as feeling pain, itching, and nausea, and it is worth noting that there is a special vaccine to prevent infection with hepatitis A virus, and it is advised to give this vaccine In some cases, including travel to countries where the virus is spread.
- Virus B: Virus B, which causes hepatitis B through the blood from the infected person, arrives to healthy people, and can be transmitted from the mother to her fetus during pregnancy, as well as among children. Of patients, especially adults, will recover within a few months, i.e. without the disease passing to the chronic stage, and in contrast there are many cases in which the disease develops into the chronic stages and consequent the emergence of a number of complications, including cirrhosis of the liver, it is worth noting that there is a vaccine given in Some cases to prevent this virus.
- Virus C: This virus causes hepatitis C, and this viral infection is often transmitted by sharing the injection with the infected or accidentally exposed to this injection due to the failure to follow the instructions for medical prevention, and it should be noted that often there are no symptoms or signs of the injured in the stages Primary disease, with the exception of some influenza symptoms, and perhaps this results in many cases of transmission of this virus to chronic stages, which in turn increase the chances of suffering from cirrhosis and failure.
- Virus D: This type of virus causes viral hepatitis D. It is worth noting that this virus does not affect a person except in the case of previous infection with the B virus, as infection with the D virus requires the presence of the B virus.
- Virus E: This virus causes hepatitis E, which is the most common type of liver virus that causes acute infections. It is worth noting that this virus often infects humans for a short period of time, and in fact this virus is transmitted by eating raw pork, or from its offal, as well as when eating venison and shellfish.
Causes of other liver inflammation
In addition to the above, there are a number of causes that lead to suffering from hepatitis, and have nothing to do with viral infection, and the most important of these reasons can be summarized as follows:
- Medication liver inflammation There are many medications that may cause hepatitis, and the severity of hepatitis caused by medications may vary from mild to severe life-threatening, and it is worth noting that this type of inflammation is rare and usually occurs when taking a large or toxic amount of medication, or vitamins , Nutritional supplements, or herbal remedies. Hepatitis caused by medications may develop rapidly as a result of using a large amount of certain drugs or as a result of an allergic reaction to the body towards them. It may also develop over a long period of time as a result of taking certain types of medications for long periods of time before To reach the toxic level that affects the liver, and common medicines that cause inflammation in the liver: acetaminophen and aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen, and many of the prescribed medications may lead to hepatitis, including: antibiotics, antifungals, and medicines used to reduce cholesterol in the blood, Stimulants, cramps, and chemotherapy.
- Exposure to chemicals or toxic Exposure to chemicals such as solvents and organic materials in the work area leads to hepatitis, and exposure to these chemicals can be caused by ingestion, inhalation, or contact with the skin.
- Autoimmune hepatitis In this case, the immune system attacks the liver cells by mistake, and the underlying cause of suffering from autoimmune hepatitis is not known exactly, but this condition is expected to occur as a result of the surrounding genetic and environmental factors, and some untreated cases of this inflammation may lead to cirrhosis of the liver and his failure.