Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
What is the obsessive-compulsive disorder?
Obsessive – compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder characterized by irrational thoughts (and obsessive thoughts) that lead to compulsive behaviors.
People with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder are sometimes aware of the fact that their obsessive behaviors are illogical, and they try to ignore or change them, but these attempts exacerbate distress and anxiety even more.
For People with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, compulsive behaviors are mandatory to relieve distress. Obsessive-compulsive disorder may, at close times, revolve around a specific topic, such as fear of bacterial infection, for example.
Some people with obsessive-compulsive disorder, to feel that they are safe, they wash their hands compulsively, to the point that they cause cuts and scars to themselves.
Despite the efforts that are made, disturbing and obsessive-compulsive thoughts are repeated and continue to cause distress and discomfort, and the matter may lead to behaviors that take the nature of ceremonies and rituals, representing a cruel and painful episode that characterizes obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder
Obsessive symptoms are frequent repeated thoughts, stubborn and involuntary fantasies, or involuntary impulses that lack any logic.
These whispers usually cause inconvenience and distress when trying to direct thinking to other things, or when doing other things.
Generally, these obsessions revolve around a specific topic, such as:
- Fear of dirt or pollution
- The need for arrangement and symmetry
- Passive aggressive desires
- Fear of infection as a result of shaking hands with others, or in contact with items that have been touched by others
- Doubts about locking the door, or turning off the oven
- Thoughts of hurting others in a road accident
- Severe distress in cases where items are not properly arranged or are not headed in the right direction
Causes and risk factors for obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Biological factors: There is some evidence that indicates obsessive-compulsive disorder is the result of a chemical change that occurs in the body of the affected person, or in the performance of his brain.
- There is also evidence that obsessive-compulsive disorder may be related, too, to certain genetic factors, but the genes responsible for the obsessive-compulsive disorder have not yet been identified and diagnosed.
- Environmental factors: Some researchers believe that obsessive-compulsive disorder is caused by habits and behaviors, which are acquired over time.
- An insufficient degree of Serotonin: Serotonin is one of the chemicals that are necessary for the functioning of the brain. If the level of Serotonin is insufficient and inadequate, this may contribute to the development of OCD.
- a comparisons were made between pictures of the brains of people with obsessive-compulsive disorder and the brains of uninfected people showed a difference in the pattern of brain functioning in both cases.
Complications of obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Thoughts of suicide and acting according to it
- Eating disorders
- Allergic dermatitis following contact as a result of washing hands frequently
- Inability to work or learn
- Psychiatric treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder
The so-called “cognitive behavioral therapy – CBT” method has proven to be the most effective treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder, both among children and adults.
- Medicines to help treat OCD:
It includes certain psychiatric medications that can help control obsessive-compulsive behaviors that characterize obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Obsessive-compulsive therapy often begins with antidepressants, which may be helpful in treating obsessive-compulsive disorder, as it works to raise the level of serotonin, which may be low in people with obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Antidepressants approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA – Food and Drug Administration) in treating obsessive-compulsive disorder include:
- Clomipramine (clomipramine)
- Fluvoxamine (fluvoxamine)
- Fluoxetine (Prozac – Prozac)
- Paroxetine (Paxil)