“Be a part of the solution, not part of the pollution.”
We are all aware of global warming, but we need to think that the Ozone hole is a bitter truth. There is no doubt that humans are making attempts to save this world, but that efforts are not enough. If we want to live safely, we may need to protect our climate and work on growing theories as soon as possible. Before taking any action, it is vital to know the concept thoroughly.
What is the ozone layer, and why is it important?
At first, we may need to understand that the ozone layer can define as the protective layer around the earth. It saves the planet by absorbing the ultraviolet radiation of the sun. The ozone layer is located at the lower portion of the stratosphere and is around 9-21 miles above than earth.
Why is it important?
The ozone layer is vital for the relic of the whole environmental system. It is as necessary for animals and plants as it is crucial for humans. The primary function of this layer is to protect the earth from radiation. The radiation can cause cancer and other severe diseases in humans. It might not only protect humans, but it also protects plants and animals from the rays of radiation.
What is the Ozone hole?
Now you have enough information about the Ozone layer, so it is better to move towards the next step, the ozone hole. If the ultraviolet radiation drains any part of the ozone layer, it is known as the “Ozone Hole.” There could be many causes of the ozone hole like atmospheric pollution and other human errors. The concept of ozone hole discovered in May 1985 in a paper by Joe Farman, Brian Gardiner, and Jonathan Shanklin. Soon after the research paper NASA used satellites to know the reality, and they were right.
What are the causes & effects of the Ozone hole/depletion?
“Humans are the reason to damage the layer, which is up in the air.”
It happens all the time that human blames global warming as the cause of the Ozone hole, but it is not valid. Infact global warming is also a result of human negligence and pollution. So, here are the following causes of the ozone hole:
- Stratospheric winds (These winds increase the level of nitrogen oxides in the air, which later results in the ozone hole.)
- Volcanic eruptions (Volcanos emit particles when they erupt) create a surface that supports chemical reactions. These results further harm the ozone layer.)
- CFCs (It uses in fridges and also contributes to global warming.)
- Halons (Halons contain bromine, which is a cause of ozone destruction.)
- Carbon Tetrachloride (It holds the chlorine which destroys the ozone.)
- Methyl chloroform (Gas uses in the industrial process.)
- Methyl bromide
- And most importantly human behavior
Effects of the ozone hole
“Earth without ozone is like a house without the roof.”
All causes of the ozone hole do not come alone, as they bring destruction to human life. So, here are those effects which we are facing due to the ozone hole:
Effects on humans
The ozone hole is throwing severe impacts on human health like cancer, sunburns, cataracts, aging, and a weak immune system. For memory, the immune system is one of the primary reasons that lead to new diseases.
Effects on the animals
If the radiation directly hits the earth, then it can cause severe diseases and infertility in animals. Apart from barrenness, it further causes skin cancer and UVB radiation diseases.
Effects on plants
Plants are also affected by it and facing growth issues due to UV radiation. Plants grow in different conditions, but due to high UV radiation, they are suffering from effects.
Environmental effect is the whole thing that includes the system of the entire universe. If we can’t save our environment from pollution, then the entire-food system and humanity will fall.
Apart from the above, there is a maintained list of other factors that affect our lives due to ozone depletion.
- More UV radiation
- Increased tropospheric ozone
- Adverse effects on plants
- Economic effects
- Change in the biological cycle
- And enhanced production of Vitamin D
What can we do to save the ozone layer?
There are the following solutions that we should adopt now if we want to live in more protective conditions:
- Switch from private cars to public transport
- Stop deforestation
- Adopt the policy of recycling and reuse
- Avoid fertilizers and pesticides for food production.
- Government regulations
- Reduce CFC’s
- And find the subs for energy production.