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Reasons animals become endangered

Reasons animals become endangered

Extinction is the non-survival of a species of animals and its disappearance, and extinction takes place at the death of the last animal capable of reproduction from this family. The extinction of animals is one of the natural disasters spreading in this world.

An endangered species can be defined as species which is very likely to be extinct in the near future.

The number of endangered species has dramatically risen over time. Although 1102 animals and 1197 plants were listed as endangered in 1998, this number increased to 3079 animals and 2655 plants until 2012, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature.

Unless that pattern persists we will in the near future lose several animals. To avoid this, governments and other organizations across the globe are seeking to save the endangered species by initiatives such as establishing protected areas or banning hunting.

The following analyzes the causes, consequences, examples and even solutions about the problems of the endangered species.

The reasons for the extinction of animals

Habitats destroyed

Humanity expands its infrastructure in order to create more settlement space and also to extract precious materials from the ground.

By doing so, however, many animals and plants that existed in untouched nature are now being adversely affected by human activity because their natural environments are being changed or even killed.

Therefore, many animals and plants will search for new homes, or they may be in danger of extinction.

Normal improvements in living conditions

Because of changes in the natural living conditions, animals and plants may not be able to adapt adequately to these new conditions, thereby becoming endangered and possibly even extinct.

The water temperature in the lakes and rivers is expected to rise, for example, due to global warming. Consequently, oxygen levels are likely to decrease and animals and plants can die off due to a lack of oxygen.

Hunting

Illegal hunting and harvesting is still a huge issue and can cause the extinction of entire species. Because people are greedy and just try to make as much money as possible, only to get their precious parts like their ivory or fur as they kill animals for.

If these animals aren’t properly protected by governments or other organizations, they ‘re going to be an easy target and ultimately wane.

Angling

Another cause which could lead to species endangerment is over fishing. Since our world population eats vast amounts of fish, many fish have to be captured to satisfy the demand.

It could lead to them becoming an endangered species, particularly for fishes people love to eat. The Atlantic Cod for instance is on the IUCN red list.

Contamination

The industrial revolution and our growing need for consumption have contributed to increased emissions in many different ways. Acid rain, water pollution , air pollution, and other forms of pollution can quite adversely affect many species. If they can’t adjust to the higher emission rates, they’ll be in danger of dying out.

Insufficient breeding rate

Many animals are very keen to reproduce, some are actually lazy to reproduce. This can cause a major problem particularly for animals with a low reproductive rate, as they may not be able to support their species.

However, it takes quite a long time for certain animals before they can reproduce at all. It could also lead to an endangered species or extinct.

Genetics

Animals with a low genetic variance are at greater risk of extinction than those with a high genetic variation. The reason for this is that one major outbreak could potentially bleach out animals with low genetic variations.

Because of the small genetic diversity, the disease will affect all animals of this genus and they will probably not be able to battle it at all. Additionally, adaptation to new living conditions would also be more difficult if animals have low genetic diversity, because they are more prone to changed living conditions.

Diseases

Not only do humans suffer from infectious diseases, it’s even possible to adversely affect animals. Diseases such as Ebola can cause thousands of deaths among certain species such as monkeys, and thus significantly decrease their numbers. In the worst-case scenario, epidemics will cause whole species to disappear if the animals exist only in one area and therefore can all be affected by the mortal threat.

Specialization degree

Highly specialized animals or plants are more likely to become endangered or extinct, because their living conditions are not versatile at all. Changes in living conditions may be due to global warming or other negative consequences that may arise over time.

Small changes in their natural environments may cause animals to relocate, or they may even die because they are unable to adopt them in the new circumstances.

Conflicts between humans and wildlife

We need more and more settlement space to build housing and other facilities, because our world population is increasing. Sometimes it is necessary to cut down trees or destroy other ecosystems that are currently used by animals to obtain this settlement area. Such animals would lose their living quarters, eventually causing them to travel to other areas.

When they don’t find another suitable habitat, the animal population would possibly decline. In addition, in places where animals such as wolves or bears live, people are still afraid to see animals of this kind.

Solutions about the problems of the endangered species.

  • To make good use of our natural resources we should regularly recycle our goods.

Because more and more forests and other natural ecosystems need to be invaded by humans for an increased output of consumer goods, reducing consumption would result in a contribution to saving endangered species.

  • Reduce water use

Because water is vital to life not just for humans but also for plants and animals, we should conserve water whenever we can. Water will become an even more critical resource in the future due to the global warming problem.

If we can’t will our water demand, there won’t be enough water left for all animals and plants and the risk of extinction for them will increase.

  • Grow native plants

Through growing native plants it will be easy for us to contribute to local species protection. Growing local plants, for example, can help bees and other insects sustain
their populations while also improving your crop yield.

  • Don’t buy from endangered species

Often we do not know we are able to purchase souvenirs from endangered species regularly. It is something we can stop at all costs because endangered animals also have to die because of this. An example of this is killing elephants for their ivory only.

  • Reduced use of fertilizers and pesticides

A large concentration of pesticides or fertilizer by-products can contaminate plants that are, in effect, eaten by animals. Such animals may suffer from pollution and may even die as a result of pollution.
Thus, the excessive use of pesticides and fertilizers can endanger species. This issue can be mitigated by growing farmers’ perception that their activity is having a direct effect on the local species population.

A huge number of animals are in danger of becoming extinct in the near future due to human activity. To stop this cycle, we need to raise industry awareness and also change our actions in customer everyday life.

In order to protect our world, we have to make sacrifices and thus guarantee our children a livable future.

Managing Editor
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