Trillions of microbes microscopic organisms like bacteria, fungi, archaea, protists, and viruses live in and on your body. Most aren’t harmful. Instead, they play many important roles in your body, like helping with digestion and protecting against harmful infections. Although the mouth is a small part of our overall anatomy, it’s packed with lots of parts that, all working together to help you eat, drink, talk, and smile. Incisors, canines, tongue, premolars, molars, crowns, gum line, base, enamel, dentin, and pulp are important players.
But the tongue actually goes beyond eating and talking. The tongue consists of two parts: anterior and posterior. The anterior tongue is mostly visible and about two thirds of the tongue’s total length. The posterior tongue sits near the back of the throat and measures the other one third in length.
The human mouth contains around 500 to 1,000 different types of bacteria with various functions as part of the human flora and oral microbiology. About 100 to 200 species may live in them at any given time.
You have to multiply the 10 mg from the teeth by 20 to get the total biomass including cheeks, tongue, etc. We also know that 1 mg of oral biomass typically contains about 100 million microbes. “ A reasonable estimate of the number of species that are ‘bad’ is roughly 15 to 20, but that will continue to evolve as we learn more about how these species interact with each other,” said Tara Fourre, research manager for global oral health innovation and microbiology at Johnson.
Actually, that taste doesn’t always go away at night. According to the American Breath Specialists, as many as 60 million people in the United States suffer from chronic bad breath, or halitosis. And, it can develop from bacteria collecting on the tongue.
Let’s know more about these bacteria.
Myriad microbes are thriving on human tongues and scientists now have a glimpse of the ecosystems that bacteria are creating for themselves. Bacteria grow in dense films, with different types of microbes clustered in patches around individual cells on the surface of the tongue, researchers report in Cell Reports online March 24. This pattern suggests that individual bacterial cells first attach to the surface of the tongue cell, and then grow in layers as they form larger clusters creating miniature environments that the various species need to thrive. Your mouth is a rich habitat for microbes, with more than 750 species of bacteria. These often live in biofilms.
“It’s insane, the depth of the culture that they create on your tongue right there “, says Jessica Mark Welch, a microbiologist at the Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory, Mass
Your mouth, or what scientists call the oral micro biome, is “a diverse ecosystem with plenty of contact between bacteria of the same species and across species,” .bacteria is organized on the tongue in three ways: as free bacteria, attached to the outer layer of skin cells, or organized into complex biofilms, called consortia, that were multiple layers thick. The societies on our tongue differ greatly from those in other places in our mouth, such as our teeth, and while researchers found that certain types of bacteria were diverse among people, the general structure of their societies remained constant.
Including700differentspecies,resideinsideyourmouth.Some promote health, others provoke disease.
Benefits are being studied in these bacteria as it shows the presence of large groups of bacteria that reduce nitrates, including actinides and Veillonella (purple). These organisms are able to convert nitrates, which are usually found in green leafy foods, to nitrite, which is a major step In creating the compound nitrogen oxide peak for things like aneurysm to control blood pressure.
Harms, Scientists add that “Around two dozen oral organisms in certain parts of the body may be associated with illnesses or diseases.
You ingest plenty of bacteria in your intestines, but your bloodstream is also a convenient means of transportation. Those germs get pushed into small vessels in your gums every time you chew, brush, or floss.
One known organism with the ability to cause harm in other parts of the body is Porhyromonas gingivalis or Pg, according to researches “It’s a true gang leader converting good microbes into bad ones”. Actually this harm bacteria cause Alzheimer. Researchers observed Pg in the brains of deceased people with Alzheimer’s disease. But what was truly surprising was “finding Pg major proteins, called gingipains, in the brains at a level much higher than in mentally healthy people of the same age.
Another bad effect that they made a Bad breath.