Venomous Sea Snake
Snakes are a symbol of healing. Although most of them are non-toxic, the number of victims reaches tens of thousands annually, and according to the World Health Organization, one hundred thousand die annually in its name, while about 300 thousand cases of amputation occur in the world as a result of their bites.
There are about 3000 species of snakes identified on the planet, where these snakes settle all over the world with the exception of Antarctica, Iceland, Ireland, Greenland and New Zealand, and snakes are from the reptile family, so they include only 600 types of snakes, and there are only 7% Of the types of snakes that can kill a person or injure him seriously, the snakes have cold blood, where the temperature of their bodies is regulated externally. The snakes also have manifold tongues that help them to identify directions and forecast danger and determine where the food is, although most snakes live on a surface The Earth, however, there are some species that inhabit the seas and oceans, and in what comes next we will talk about sea snakes ( eel & coral reef).
Poisonous eel is one of the most poisonous snakes in the ocean and one bite of it is enough to kill.
Venomous Sea Snakes
There are about 60 species of snakes that inhabit the oceans, and they are the most poisonous eel in the world, but despite the strength of the toxicity of these snakes, it is rare to cause human death , due to the fact that they are non-aggressive snakes with very short fangs, and ranges in length Most adults of these snakes are between 1 to 1.5 meters, some may reach 2.7 meters, and these snakes also live in waters less than 30 meters deep, so they are confined to the coastal areas of the Indian Ocean and Pacific, as these snakes dive to bottoms Seas to get their food among the coral reefs, so that sea snakes feed on fish of various sizes and shapes.
Marine snakes adapted to live inside the seas through their flat bodies with a short and hollow tail. These snakes also have valve gills and lungs extending throughout the body, and there are some species that cannot crawl, so they are powerless over land, and sea snakes can remain submerged under water. For up to 8 hours, this is due to its ability to breathe through the skin, as it derives approximately 33% of its oxygen from the skin, and its gills are able to transport oxygen from the water directly to the brain.
Venomous Sea Snakes behaviors
Marine snakes are known to be calm and non-aggressive, as fishermen throw them into the sea with their hands when caught in fishing nets, but these snakes become aggressive when they come to the surface of the earth, as their movement becomes irregular and strange, and despite their inability to move in the same way Terrestrial snakes except that they strike anything that moves on the ground with force, and sea snakes are usually active during the day and night.
It is also possible to see these snakes swimming in groups that contain dozens of individuals, and the way toxins are used for these snakes varies, as some types of marine snakes feed on their prey through direct grabbing prey without using poison, these species use their toxins more when defending and not in the case of hunting, while Other species use their toxins to paralyze prey to feed on.
The habitat of poisonous sea snakes
Venomous sea snakes are found throughout the coastal waters of the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean, and are not found in the Red Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, or the Caribbean Sea. Most sea snakes live in shallow waters less than 30 meters (100 feet) deep because they need a surface to breathe, but they have to search for their prey near the sea floor, however, a yellow eel can be found in the open ocean.
The so-called California eel is just like other sea snakes, it cannot live in cold water, and under a certain temperature the snake is unable to digest food, and sea eels can be found washed up on the beaches in an area with a high temperature, usually Driven by storms, however, they call the tropics and subtropics their home.
A person must not be afraid of snakes, as they attack those who fear and try to escape from them. Therefore, when a person approaches the snake, his step must be steady, because snakes can record the type of vibrations that result from the fixed or shaky steps, as the snake does not kill its prey for the purpose of killing in the first place. But the main function of snake venom is to aid in digestion. The huge amount of white blood cells secreted by the snake’s body forces it to get rid of it. The poison is only a secretion of the toxic glands found in the head of the snake, and the type of poison is formed inside the snake according to the type of food it eats.
Aware should be taken of sea snakes that are lying on beaches, as snakes may pretend to die as a mechanism to defend themselves